Friday, December 23, 2005

Dr. Adrian Bowyer on "Darwinian Marxism"



Karl Marx and Frederick Engels wrote in the Communist Manifesto that, "By proletariat is meant the class of modern wage labourers who, having no means of production of their own, are reduced to selling their labour power in order to live." This diagnosis is essentially correct; it is a commonplace that people with resources can quite easily use them to acquire more, but people without have to try exceptionally hard to get anywhere, and most of them never do. Marxism then goes on to say that the way to fix this problem is for the proletariat to seize the means of production by revolution, which is a good candidate for the all-time worst-idea in human history. Whenever it is applied the main things produced are corpses, and in the last hundred years the body count from this idea's application was even worse than that from Nazism. So the Marxist prescription, unlike its diagnosis, is plain wrong. Its prognosis also turns out to be wrong - it predicted that the revolution would happen first in the most industrially-advanced nation (Britain at the time), whereas in practice Marxist revolutions tend to happen in countries making the transformation from an agrarian economy to an industrial one.”

Continue reading this paper


This is the beginning of a fantastic paper entitled “Darwinian Marxism”. The paper was written by Dr. Adrian Bowyer, who is a professor at Bathe University and one of the developers working on the RepRap project. The paper deals with the topic of how self-replicating fabrication machines will effect economics. Dr. Bower refers to this effect as Darwinian Marxism because of the potential for self-replicating machines to evolve according to a pattern of artificial selection and thereby increasing the number of manufactured goods at an exponential rate. This concept is very similar to what I dubbed in my last post 'techno-anarchy' and I highly recommend reading the paper – its not that long. Also you may be interested to know that the RepRap machine is making serious progress toward becoming operational. You can checkout the progress here at their blog.

Also you can read an interview with Dr. Bowyer here at the Speculist.

16 Comments:

This is a hopeful avenue of research, and I would rather have a marxist doing productive technical research, than selling crack on the street or fomenting violent revolution. It would be fantastic if everyone could supply his own basic needs.
:^)

By Blogger al fin, at 23/12/05 22:14  

"Raw materials might be a bit of a bottle-neck, of course..."

Of course.

Raw materials and other pre-conditions are the limiting factors of every potentially "exponential" process. And where exactly does plastic come from?

By Anonymous Jason Ruspini, at 27/12/05 01:11  

These replicators are just the first stage. No one expects the first gen RepRap to end poverty. The real leveling down changes will come from nano scale fabrication. Thes machines will be able to to assemble atoms which means that most everything can be built out of carbon. Carbon is an abundant element on this planet and there shouldn't be much trouble in making sure that everyone has enough to go around.

By Blogger Micah J. Glasser, at 28/12/05 13:50  

Not only is Marx’s “remedy” of violent revolution wrong, but his diagnosis of “alienation” is itself wrong. This is because none of us is either a pure “worker” or a pure “investor.” We are all, more or less, hybrids of these two cardinal social designations. To Paraphrase Marx, a “worker” is someone who uses labor and time as his agency of leverage to gain the products of society, while an “investor” is someone who adds to this agency a greater degree of control over his time. Thus, we have a sliding scale between the cardinal endpoints of “worker,” (with no self-directed time), and “investor” (with infinite self-directed time). Further, we are told that these conditions are unqualifiedly the product of “injustice.” Of course, this leaves no room for personal choice and strategy in effecting our agency.

Thus, not only is there no “Great Man” to Marx’s theory of history—there’s no one at all. If there is no one at all—we are all victims in need of a “saving truth.” (Sounds like someone wants to have us drink the cool aide again—remember Jim Jones and Guyana.) Not only this, we need to be aware that when one begins his understanding of reality by emphasizing his victim-hood, he begins by stacking the deck AGAINST HIMSELF.

I do not wish to make little of the fact that inequities and iniquities exist, nor of the human misery that surely must follow such ills. However, if we are to address these issues, we need to all loose the “class warfare” mentality. No grand scheme has ever, or ever will realize its utopia. The human race has been drinking the cool aide that these bozos have been selling for far too long. These grand schemes, religions, totalisms and the like only produce their own ills to be added to those that already exist. The bloodbaths of the 20th century should have at least taught us this much.

The best solution to our problems, as individuals and as societies, is to deal with EACH problem that we encounter on its own according to the organic and particular principles of social organization that are discovered as we go along. As we discover these principles, we should use (not abuse) Okun’s Razor in weaving our understanding of them into a greater synthesis. Further, as we synthesize our systems awareness, we need to be especially careful that we don’t create new “grand schemes.” The answer to “alienation” begins with refusing another glass of cool aide (social poison).

As to the machine, it is like any other machine in that it serves whoever controls it. Such control can always be subverted. Lasting control comes ONLY from the effective use of strategy. Happy hunting.

Posted by Bill Churchill

By Anonymous Anonymous, at 29/12/05 15:18  

sometimes you can go to earn the mabinogi gold for your own life and you can also get a lot of happiness in the game if you play the game well. you can brush the cheap mabinogi to upgrade and then you are very strong. You think that you want to play the game well and then you can get the mabinogi money for your own. you can go to buy mabinogi gold alone and you can give some for your friends; it can make you very happy I think. As long as you play the game you can get the mabinogi online gold as the rewards in this game.

I knew the Metin2 gold so I always try my best to earn them more and more to make myself strong. I have never played the game before, at the beginning I did not know what is so I went to kill the monsters with the Metin2 yang that I earned with myself in the game. I will duty bound to a friend to help brush the Cheap metin2 yang together with my friends. I spend a good relationship is then fly to tears. If my levels are very high, I can go to Buy metin2 gold more and more and I will not depend on my friends to help me to earn them. I get some Cheap metin2 gold as the gifts to encourage me.

By Anonymous Anonymous, at 7/4/09 23:50  

aion chinaaion china gold,
aion cn goldaion chinese gold,
aion gold chinaaion gold chinese,
china aion goldchinese aion gold,
aion china kinaaion chinese kina,
aion kina chinachina aion kina,
aion china buybuy aion china,
aion chinese server goldaion cn server gold,
aion china server goldchina aion server gold,
chinese aion server goldaion chinese server gold,
aion cn server kinaaion china server kina,
china aion server kinachinese aion server kina

By Anonymous Anonymous, at 28/4/09 21:04  

Your article is great. Thanks for information. I'ts very useful. You have very nice blog.

------------------------------------------
Free Poker Bonus No Deposit Required - Sign up Promotions.
Free Poker bankrolls - Easy poker money

By Anonymous Anonymous, at 17/8/09 20:10  

czyszczenie sławków dąbrowa katowice chorzów. na mokro nie na sucho meblową z karcher odkurzaczem, jaworzno tanio i śmiesznie cheap. czyszczenie dywanów tanio ale także online odbywa się szybko i dokładnie wow.
Promocje związane z czyszczenie wykładzin tapicerek jest na prawdę poker tanie pranie.
Czyszczenie odbywa się u klienta. czyszczenie pranie cennik zamówienie minimum sign 40zł.
Czyszczenie na mokro jest skuteczne cennik sosnowiec czyszczenie karcher zamówienie maks 70zł.

By Anonymous Anonymous, at 17/8/09 20:10  

The event horizon is the gravity field sportsbook of a black hole where the space-time is so bent that light cannot escape it. The event horizon creates a region in space where nothing can escape, if nothing can go beyond the speed of light. Thus when something enters the event horizon, it will vanish without a trace. Should the object be emitting something, after it is enveloped by the event horizon, not even the emissions that traced its bet nfl existence will escape the black hole.
This creates something called the cosmic censorship hypothesis, proposed by Roger Penrose, that can be summarized as "God abhors a naked singularity" (Hawking 114). This means that no one outside of the event horizon of a black hole is capable of observing the breakdown of classical physics inside a black hole (Hawking 115). However, http://www.enterbet.com the black hole is also unforgiving towards those who would dare enter the event horizon (Hawking 115).

By Blogger pedro velasquez, at 8/9/09 15:13  

Adrian Bowyer, a senior lecturer in mechanical engineering at Bath University's Centre for Biomimetics — is leader of a project called Replicating Rapid Prototyper, or RepRap. costa rica vacation rentals One element of the project is rapid prototyping — the automatic construction of physical objects from 3D software models. This is a usually beyond the resources of most individuals.
http://www.meadbrown.com

By Blogger Stivel Velasquez, at 23/10/09 14:59  

Oes Tsetnoc one of the ways in which we can learn seo besides Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa. By participating in the Oes Tsetnoc or Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa we can improve our seo skills. To find more information about Oest Tsetnoc please visit my Oes Tsetnoc pages. And to find more information about Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa please visit my Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa pages. Thank you So much.
Oes Tsetnoc | Semangat Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa

By Blogger Adi, at 22/11/09 19:20  

For earrings, you would need ear posts or wires or clip-on bases. pandora shop For bracelets, you need memory wire or stretchy cord or beading wire and clasps. pandora charm For necklaces, memory wire or beading wire, clasps and perhaps pendants. The main reason for the increasing favor shown titanium pandora silver charms is that titanium body jewelry items are about half the weight of equivalent stainless steel items. In addition, titanium can be anodized and this creates a pandora bracelets marvelous variety of colors when contrasted with the single option of stainless steel’pandora bangles s silver appearance. But the markup is much higher. Although the stainless steels used contain some nickel, they don't release nickel salts into the body and therefore are highly pandora necklaces unlikely to lead to nickel contact dermatitis. Most stainless steel body jewelry items are electro-polished. This is a reasonably sophisticated surface finishing technique pandora beads which leaves the finished surface very smooth and free of pandora earrings any crevices or fissures. The result is a significantly higher surface integrity pandora sets which is ideal for body jewelry. Alternatively, titanium has recently pandora bracelet become very popular as a material for body jewelry. In fact, it is challenging stainless steel as the favored metal. A bead board is a good idea too. Its ruled tracks help you measure and lay out designs for pandora bracelet charms bracelets and necklaces; as well as to corral the beads you are working with at a given time.

By Blogger 每当遇见你, at 28/9/10 00:25  

This is great when it comes to buying cheap wholesale cocktail dresses to resell, but you also want to make sure you are getting items that are popular enough to resell to others at a great profit. In the promdressesol Signature prom gowns market the only way to do this is to keep yourself one step ahead of the fashion trends and be selling what all the fashionable women want to be wearing. cheap prom dresses 2011 the love affair with unique skin prom gowns continues. From stingray skin to crocodile, trendy women are clamoring to get their body on a authentic evening dresses made from a new and exotic skin this season.2011 tiffany evening dresses cheap prom dresses that Make a Statement Sometimes you want to be the center of attention.

By Blogger cherry, at 24/11/10 02:30  

A low sodium diets will help uou maintain a balanced blood pressure and also aid you eliminate potential for developing heart disease. Farther, with dealing low sodium recipes with many other healthy materials like seasonings, you will eat more antioxidants not to mention phytochemicals that will be asked decrease heart problems and even tumors associated risk simply by preventing green tensions.sodium levels in blood low is required during foods because it is a low-cost route to accentuate flavor as well as have low sodium foodsfood more fresh lengthier. For that reason, low sodium meals is usually seen in greater numbers for manufactured, scripted, together with presently made foods. Consistent meals ingredients label reading through will assist you to keep track of your sodium ingestion together with actually work in order to keep a person nourishing. foods low in sodium list

By Blogger vitaminbenefits, at 20/6/11 04:28  

Costa Rica Fishing
Two scientists can hardly be named who have, in the second half of the 19th century, dominated the human mind to a greater degree than Darwin and Marx. Their teachings revolutionized the conception that the great masses had about the world. For decades their names have been on the tongues of everybody, and their teachings have become the central point of the mental struggles which accompany the social struggles of today.Costa Rica Fishing and Tours The cause of this lies primarily in the highly scientific contents of their teachings.

http://costa-ricafishing.com/
The scientific importance of Marxism as well as of Darwinism consists in their following out the theory of evolution, the one upon the domain of the organic world, of things animate; the other, upon the domain of society. This theory of evolution, however, was in no way new, it had its advocates before Darwin and Marx; the philosopher, Hegel, even made it the central point of his philosophy.Costa Rica Wedding It is, therefore, necessary to observe closely what were the achievements of Darwin and Marx in this domain.

Costa Rica Fishing
The theory that plants and animals have developed one from another is met with first in the nineteenth century. Formerly the question, “Whence come all these thousands and hundreds of thousands of different kinds of plants and animals that we know?", was answered: “At the time of creation God created them all, each after its kind."Costa Rica Fishing and Tours This primitive theory was in conformity with experience had and with the best information about the past that was available. According to available information, all known plants and animals have always been the same. Scientifically,http://costa-ricafishing.com/ this experience was thus expressed, “All kinds are invariable because the parents transmit their characteristics to their children.”

Costa Rica Wedding
There were, however, some peculiarities among plants and animals which gradually forced a different conception to be entertained.Costa Rica Fishing They so nicely let themselves be arranged into a system which was first set up by the Swedish scientist Linnaeus. According to this system, the animals are divided into phyla, which are divided into classes, classes into orders, orders into families, families into genera, each of which contain a few species.Costa Rica Fishing and Tours The more semblance there is in their characteristics, the nearer they stand towards each other in this system, and the smaller is the group to which they belong.http://costa-ricafishing.com/ All the animals classed as mammalian show the same general characteristics in their bodily frame. The herbivorous animals, and carnivorous animals, and monkeys, each of which belongs to a different order, are again differentiated.Costa Rica Wedding Bears, dogs, and cats, all of which are carnivorous animals, have much more in common in bodily form than they have with horses or monkeys. This conformity is still more obvious when we examine varieties of the same species; the cat, tiger and lion resemble each other in many respects where they differ from dogs and bears. If we turn from the class of mammals to other classes, such as birds or fishes, we find greater differences between classes than we find within a class.

By Anonymous Costa Rica Fishing and Tours, at 11/11/11 13:26  

It is a very informative and useful post thanks it is good material to read this post increases my knowledge

By Anonymous price per head, at 18/5/12 23:01  

Post a Comment

<< Home